5 years ago

Optical Anisotropy of Topologically Distorted Semiconductor Nanocrystals

Optical Anisotropy of Topologically Distorted Semiconductor Nanocrystals
Ivan D. Rukhlenko, Weiren Zhu, Anatoly V. Fedorov, Mikhail Yu. Leonov, Tatiana P. Pereziabova, Alexander V. Baranov, Anvar S. Baimuratov
Engineering nanostructured optical materials via the purposeful distortion of their constituent nanocrystals requires the knowledge of how various distortions affect the nanocrystals’ electronic subsystem and its interaction with light. We use the geometric theory of defects in solids to calculate the linear permittivity tensor of semiconductor nanocrystals whose crystal lattice is arbitrarily distorted by imperfections or strains. The result is then employed to systematically analyze the optical properties of nanocrystals with spatial dispersion caused by screw dislocations and Eshelby twists. We demonstrate that Eshelby twists create gyrotropy in nanocrystals made of isotropic semiconductors whereas screw dislocations can produce it only if the nanocrystal material itself is inherently anisotropic. We also show that the dependence of circular dichroism spectrum on the aspect ratio of dislocation-distorted semiconductor nanorods allows resonant enhancing their optical activity (at least by a factor of 2) and creating highly optically active nanomaterials.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02203

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02203

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