5 years ago

Analyzing Liposomal Drug Delivery Systems in Three-Dimensional Cell Culture Models Using MALDI Imaging Mass Spectrometry

Analyzing Liposomal Drug Delivery Systems in Three-Dimensional Cell Culture Models Using MALDI Imaging Mass Spectrometry
Eric M. Weaver, Jessica K. Lukowski, Amanda B. Hummon
Cancer chemotherapeutics often fail to reach all diseased cells. To help solve this problem, researchers are investigating novel drug delivery systems. Liposomes are an attractive option due to their low toxicity, high biocompatibility, and potential to carry a large amount of a drug to the tumor site, all while avoiding being eliminated from the body. This study evaluates the penetration of doxorubicin-encased liposomes into three-dimensional cell cultures, or spheroids. Liposomes composed of lipids containing head groups of phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), and cholesterol were created by extrusion. Doxorubicin is encapsulated within the hydrophilic core of the liposome. The drug is actively released in the spheroid as the lipids bind to cellular lipid bilayers. Spheroids were dosed with liposomal doxorubicin, free doxorubicin, or media control to assess drug distribution over the course of 72 h. Drug penetration was visualized by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization–Imaging Mass Spectrometry (MALDI–IMS) with confirmation by steady state fluorescence microscopy, creating a comprehensive picture of drug distribution. This technique is able to identify both free and liposomal doxorubicin throughout the spheroid after just 12 hours of treatment. Additionally, MALDI–IMS is able to detect three metabolites of doxorubicin, indicating that cells actively metabolize the drug during treatment. Steady state fluorescence microscopy cannot distinguish the drug from its metabolites as they have the same emission spectra. This report summarizes the first study to use MALDI–IMS to analyze drug penetration of a liposomal drug carrier as well as its metabolites.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02006

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02006

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.