5 years ago

Understanding the Role of M/Pt(111) (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) Bimetallic Surfaces for Selective Hydrodeoxygenation of Furfural

Understanding the Role of M/Pt(111) (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) Bimetallic Surfaces for Selective Hydrodeoxygenation of Furfural
Zhexi Lin, Weiming Wan, Jingguang G. Chen, Zhifeng Jiang, Jimin Xie
Selectively cleaving the C═O bond of the aldehyde group in furfural is critical for converting this biomass-derived platform chemical to an important biofuel molecule, 2-methylfuran. This work combined density functional theory (DFT) calculations and temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) and high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) measurements to investigate the hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) activity of furfural on bimetallic surfaces prepared by modifying Pt(111) with 3d transition metals (Cu, Ni, Fe, and Co). The stronger binding energy of furfural and higher tilted degree of the furan ring on the Co-terminated bimetallic surface resulted in a higher activity for furfural HDO to produce 2-methylfuran in comparison to that on either Pt(111) or Pt-terminated PtCoPt(111). The 3d-terminated bimetallic surfaces with strongly oxophilic 3d metals (Co and Fe) showed higher 2-methylfuran yield in comparison to those surfaces modified with weakly oxophilic 3d metals (Cu and Ni). The effect of oxygen on the HDO selectivity was also investigated on oxygen-modified bimetallic surfaces, revealing that the presence of surface oxygen resulted in a decrease in 2-methylfuran yield. The combined theoretical and experimental results presented here should provide useful guidance for designing Pt-based bimetallic HDO catalysts.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b01682

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b01682

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