3 years ago

Role of Protein Dimeric Interface in Allosteric Inhibition of N-Acetyl-Aspartate Hydrolysis by Human Aspartoacylase

Role of Protein Dimeric Interface in Allosteric Inhibition of N-Acetyl-Aspartate Hydrolysis by Human Aspartoacylase
Sergey D. Varfolomeev, Sofya V. Lushchekina, Ekaterina D. Kots, Alexander V. Nemukhin
The results of molecular modeling suggest a mechanism of allosteric inhibition upon hydrolysis of N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA), one of the most abundant amino acid derivatives in brain, by human aspartoacylase (hAsp). Details of this reaction are important to suggest the practical ways to control the enzyme activity. Search for allosteric sites using the Allosite web server and SiteMap analysis allowed us to identify substrate binding pockets located at the interface between the subunits of the hAsp dimer molecule. Molecular docking of NAA to the pointed areas at the dimer interface predicted a specific site, in which the substrate molecule interacts with the Gly237, Arg233, Glu290, and Lys292 residues. Analysis of multiple long-scaled molecular dynamics trajectories (the total simulation time exceeded 1.5 μs) showed that binding of NAA to the identified allosteric site induced significant rigidity to the protein loops with the amino acid side chains forming gates to the enzyme active site. Application of the protein dynamical network algorithms showed that substantial reorganization of the signal propagation pathways of intersubunit communication in the dimer occurred upon allosteric NAA binding to the remote site. The modeling approaches provide an explanation to the observed decrease of the reaction rate of NAA hydrolysis by hAsp at high substrate concentrations.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jcim.7b00133

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jcim.7b00133

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