3 years ago

Highly efficient green mesostructured urea functionalized on SBA-15 catalysts for selective synthesis of benzlidenemalononitrile

Highly efficient green mesostructured urea functionalized on SBA-15 catalysts for selective synthesis of benzlidenemalononitrile
A series of urea-immobilized SBA-15 catalysts were synthesized via post grafting method using 3-chloropropyltriethoxysilane (CPTES) as the anchoring agent. The solid catalyst was characterized by PXRD, N2 adsorption-desorption, FT-IR, elemental analyzer, TEM, CO2-TPD and 29Si CP/MAS NMR. Detailed analysis of the pore size illustrated the mesoporous nature of the immobilized catalyst. The as-prepared catalyst was further evaluated in the Knoevenagel condensation reaction under different reaction conditions. Benzaldehyde was employed in the Knoevenagel condensation reaction with malononitrile. Catalytic results showed that the Urea(4.8)/SBA-15 exhibits high efficacy (98% of yield) for promoting this reaction at 40 °C and in the absence of a solvent. Under the same reaction conditions, acetylacetone led to a lower benzaldehyde conversion of 10%, whereas ethyl cyanoacetate provides up to 88% conversion. The catalyst could be recycled and reused for at least five reaction cycles with slight loss of catalytic activity.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1387181117305279

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