4 years ago

Hsp104 disaggregase at normal levels cures many [PSI+] prion variants in a process promoted by Sti1p, Hsp90, and Sis1p [Genetics]

Hsp104 disaggregase at normal levels cures many [PSI+] prion variants in a process promoted by Sti1p, Hsp90, and Sis1p [Genetics]
Michael Reidy, Reed B. Wickner, Anton Gorkovskiy, Daniel C. Masison

Overproduction or deficiency of many chaperones and other cellular components cure the yeast prions [PSI+] (formed by Sup35p) or [URE3] (based on Ure2p). However, at normal expression levels, Btn2p and Cur1p eliminate most newly arising [URE3] variants but do not cure [PSI+], even after overexpression. Deficiency or overproduction of Hsp104 cures the [PSI+] prion. Hsp104 deficiency curing is a result of failure to cleave the Sup35p amyloid filaments to make new seeds, whereas Hsp104 overproduction curing occurs by a different mechanism. Hsp104(T160M) can propagate [PSI+], but cannot cure it by overproduction, thus separating filament cleavage from curing activities. Here we show that most [PSI+] variants arising spontaneously in an hsp104(T160M) strain are cured by restoration of just normal levels of the WT Hsp104. Both strong and weak [PSI+] variants are among those cured by this process. This normal-level Hsp104 curing is promoted by Sti1p, Hsp90, and Sis1p, proteins previously implicated in the Hsp104 overproduction curing of [PSI+]. The [PSI+] prion arises in hsp104(T160M) cells at more than 10-fold the frequency in WT cells. The curing activity of Hsp104 thus constitutes an antiprion system, culling many variants of the [PSI+] prion at normal Hsp104 levels.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.