3 years ago

Molecular and Physical Mechanisms of Fibrinolysis and Thrombolysis from Mathematical Modeling and Experiments

Irina N. Chernysh, Brittany E. Bannish, John W. Weisel, James P. Keener, Aaron L. Fogelson
Despite the common use of thrombolytic drugs, especially in stroke treatment, there are many conflicting studies on factors affecting fibrinolysis. Because of the complexity of the fibrinolytic system, mathematical models closely tied with experiments can be used to understand relationships within the system. When tPA is introduced at the clot or thrombus edge, lysis proceeds as a front. We developed a multiscale model of fibrinolysis that includes the main chemical reactions: the microscale model represents a single fiber cross-section; the macroscale model represents a three-dimensional fibrin clot. The model successfully simulates the spatial and temporal locations of all components and elucidates how lysis rates are determined by the interplay between the number of tPA molecules in the system and clot structure. We used the model to identify kinetic conditions necessary for fibrinolysis to proceed as a front. We found that plasmin regulates the local concentration of tPA through forced unbinding via degradation of fibrin and tPA release. The mechanism of action of tPA is affected by the number of molecules present with respect to fibrin fibers. The physical mechanism of plasmin action (crawling) and avoidance of inhibition is defined. Many of these new findings have significant implications for thrombolytic treatment.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-06383-w

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-06383-w

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.