Functional genomics in Brugia malayi reveal diverse muscle nAChRs and differences between cholinergic anthelmintics [Pharmacology]
Many techniques for studying functional genomics of important target sites of anthelmintics have been restricted to Caenorhabditis elegans because they have failed when applied to animal parasites. To overcome these limitations, we have focused our research on the human nematode parasite Brugia malayi, which causes elephantiasis. Here, we combine single-cell PCR, whole muscle cell patch clamp, motility phenotyping (Worminator), and dsRNA for RNAi for functional genomic studies that have revealed, in vivo, four different muscle nAChRs (M-, L-, P-, and N-). The cholinergic anthelmintics had different selectivities for these receptors. We show that motility and patch-clamp responses to levamisole and pyrantel, but not morantel or nicotine, require the unc-38 and/or unc-29 genes. Derquantel behaved as a competitive antagonist and distinguished M-nAChRs activated by morantel (Kb 13.9 nM), P-nAChRs activated by pyrantel (Kb 126 nM), and L-nAChRs activated by levamisole (Kb 0.96 µM) and bephenium. Derquantel was a noncompetitive antagonist of nicotine, revealing N-type nAChRs. The presence of four diverse nAChRs on muscle is perhaps surprising and not predicted from the C. elegans model. The diverse nAChRs represent distinguishable drug targets with different functions: Knockdown of unc-38+unc-29 (L- and/or P-receptors) inhibited motility but knockdown of acr-16+acr-26 (M- and/or N-receptors) did not.
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.