5 years ago

Nanodiamonds That Swim

Nanodiamonds That Swim
Peer Fischer, Udit Choudhury, Hyeon-Ho Jeong, Ji Tae Kim
Nanodiamonds are emerging as nanoscale quantum probes for bio-sensing and imaging. This necessitates the development of new methods to accurately manipulate their position and orientation in aqueous solutions. The realization of an “active” nanodiamond (ND) swimmer in fluids, composed of a ND crystal containing nitrogen vacancy centers and a light-driven self-thermophoretic micromotor, is reported. The swimmer is propelled by a local temperature gradient created by laser illumination on its metal-coated side. Its locomotion—from translational to rotational motion—is successfully controlled by shape-dependent hydrodynamic interactions. The precise engineering of the swimmer's geometry is achieved by self-assembly combined with physical vapor shadow growth. The optical addressability of the suspended ND swimmers is demonstrated by observing the electron spin resonance in the presence of magnetic fields. Active motion at the nanoscale enables new sensing capabilities combined with active transport including, potentially, in living organisms. Nanodiamond swimmers that self-propel by thermophoresis are reported. Their precise locomotion patterns—from translational to rotational motion—can be used to control the spatial position of nitrogen vacancy fluorescence, achieving self-driven vector magnetometry in a fluidic medium.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201701024

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