3 years ago

Water-Plasma-Enabled Exfoliation of Ultrathin Layered Double Hydroxide Nanosheets with Multivacancies for Water Oxidation

Water-Plasma-Enabled Exfoliation of Ultrathin Layered Double Hydroxide Nanosheets with Multivacancies for Water Oxidation
Yanyong Wang, Dongdong Liu, Rong Liu, Shuangyin Wang, Yuqin Zou
An earth-abundant and highly efficient electrocatalyst is essential for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) due to its poor kinetics. Layered double hydroxide (LDH)-based nanomaterials are considered as promising electrocatalysts for OER. However, the stacking structure of LDHs limits the exposure of the active sites. Therefore, the exfoliation is necessary to expose more active sites. In addition, the defect engineering is proved to be an efficient strategy to enhance the performance of OER electrocatalysts. For the first time, this study prepares ultrathin CoFe LDHs nanosheets with multivacancies as OER electrocatalysts by water-plasma-enabled exfoliation. The water plasma can destroy the electrostatic interactions between the host metal layers and the interlayer cations, resulting in the fast exfoliation. On the other hand, the etching effect of plasma can simultaneously and effectively produce multivacancies in the as-exfoliated ultrathin LDHs nanosheets. The increased active sites and the multivacancies significantly contribute to the enhanced electrocatalytic activity for OER. Compared to pristine CoFe LDHs, the as-exfoliated ultrathin CoFe LDHs nanosheets exhibit excellent catalytic activity for OER with a ultralow overpotential of only 232 mV at 10 mA cm−2 and possesses outstanding kinetics (the Tafel slope of 36 mV dec−1). This work provides a novel strategy to exfoliate LDHs and to produce multivacancies simultaneously as highly efficient electrocatalysts for OER. Ultrathin CoFe layered double hydroxide nanosheets with multivacancies are prepared by water-plasma-enabled exfoliation. The water plasma can destroy the electrostatic interactions between the host metal layers and the interlayer cations, resulting in fast exfoliation. The etching effect of plasma can simultaneously produce multivacancies. The increased active sites and the multivacancies significantly contribute to the enhanced electrocatalytic activity for OER.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201701546

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