3 years ago

Bulk Single Crystal-Like Structural and Magnetic Characteristics of Epitaxial Spinel Ferrite Thin Films with Elimination of Antiphase Boundaries

Bulk Single Crystal-Like Structural and Magnetic Characteristics of Epitaxial Spinel Ferrite Thin Films with Elimination of Antiphase Boundaries
Jamileh Beik Mohammadi, Devendra Singh Negi, Sahar Keshavarz, Tim Mewes, Behrouz Khodadadi, Arunava Gupta, Reinhard Uecker, Amit V. Singh, Zbigniew Galazka, Ranjan Datta
Spinel ferrite NiFe2O4 thin films have been grown on three isostructural substrates, MgAl2O4, MgGa2O4, and CoGa2O4 using pulsed laser deposition. These substrates have lattice mismatches of 3.1%, 0.8%, and 0.2%, respectively, with NiFe2O4. As expected, the films grown on MgAl2O4 substrate show the presence of the antiphase boundary defects. However, no antiphase boundaries (APBs) are observed for films grown on near-lattice-matched substrates MgGa2O4 and CoGa2O4. This demonstrates that by using isostructural and lattice-matched substrates, the formation of APBs can be avoided in NiFe2O4 thin films. Consequently, static and dynamic magnetic properties comparable with the bulk can be realized. Initial results indicate similar improvements in film quality and magnetic properties due to the elimination of APBs in other members of the spinel ferrite family, such as Fe3O4 and CoFe2O4, which have similar crystallographic structure and lattice constants as NiFe2O4. Antiphase boundary defects in epitaxial nickel ferrite thin films are eliminated by using spinel substrates which have a small lattice mismatch with the films. Consequently, bulk single crystal nickel ferrite-like magnetic and microwave properties are obtained in the films. Magnetite and cobalt ferrite also show similar improvements in thin film quality and properties.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201701222

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