4 years ago

Chemical Reactivity Descriptor for the Oxide-Electrolyte Interface in Li-Ion Batteries

Chemical Reactivity Descriptor for the Oxide-Electrolyte Interface in Li-Ion Batteries
Yu Katayama, Filippo Maglia, Yang Shao-Horn, Yang Yu, Pinar Karayaylali, Simon Lux, Livia Giordano
Understanding electrochemical and chemical reactions at the electrode–electrolyte interface is of fundamental importance for the safety and cycle life of Li-ion batteries. Positive electrode materials such as layered transition metal oxides exhibit different degrees of chemical reactivity with commonly used carbonate-based electrolytes. Here we employed density functional theory methods to compare the energetics of four different chemical reactions between ethylene carbonate (EC) and layered (LixMO2) and rocksalt (MO) oxide surfaces. EC dissociation on layered oxides was found energetically more favorable than nucleophilic attack, electrophilic attack, and EC dissociation with oxygen extraction from the oxide surface. In addition, EC dissociation became energetically more favorable on the oxide surfaces with transition metal ions from left to right on the periodic table or by increasing transition metal valence in the oxides, where higher degree of EC dissociation was found as the Fermi level was lowered into the oxide O 2p band.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01655

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01655

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.