3 years ago

Adsorption-Coupled Diffusion of Gold Nanoclusters within a Large-Pore Protein Crystal Scaffold

Adsorption-Coupled Diffusion of Gold Nanoclusters within a Large-Pore Protein Crystal Scaffold
Thomas W. Ni, Christopher J. Ackerson, Luke F. Hartje, Christopher D. Snow, Brian Munsky
Large-pore protein crystals (LPCs) are ordered biologically derived nanoporous materials exhibiting pore diameters greater than 8 nm. These substantial pores distinguish LPCs from typical nanoporous scaffolds, enabling engineered LPC materials to readily uptake, immobilize, and release macromolecular guests. In this study, macromolecular transport within an LPC environment was experimentally and computationally investigated by studying adsorption-coupled diffusion of Au25(glutathione)18 nanoclusters within a cross-linked LPC scaffold via time-lapse confocal microscopy, bulk equilibrium adsorption, and hindered diffusion simulation. Equilibrium adsorption data is congruent with a Langmuir adsorption model, exhibiting strong binding behavior between nanoclusters and the scaffold. The standard Gibbs free energy of binding is equivalent to −37.2 kJ/mol, and the maximum binding capacity of 1.25 × 103 mg/g corresponds to approximately 29 nanoclusters per LPC unit cell. The hindered diffusion model showed good agreement with experimental data, revealing a pore diffusion coefficient of 3.7 × 10–7 cm2/s under low nanocluster concentration. Furthermore, the model was sufficient to determine adsorption and desorption kinetic values for ka and kd equal to 13 cm3/mol·s and 1.7 × 10–7 s–1, respectively. At higher nanocluster concentrations, the simulated pore diffusion coefficient could be reduced by 3 orders of magnitude to 3.4 × 10–10 cm2/s due to the effects of pore occlusion. This study demonstrates a strategy to analyze adsorption-coupled diffusion data to better understand complex transport of fluorescent macromolecules into LPCs. This approach fits the observable fluorescence data to the key molecular details and will benefit downstream efforts to engineer LPC-based nanoporous materials.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b03999

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b03999

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.