3 years ago

General Effect of van der Waals Interactions on the Stability of Alkoxy Intermediates on Metal Surfaces

General Effect of van der Waals Interactions on the Stability of Alkoxy Intermediates on Metal Surfaces
Efthimios Kaxiras, Yunfei Xu, Robert J. Madix, Cynthia M. Friend, Wei Chen
The critical role of noncovalent van der Waals (vdW) interactions in determining the relative thermodynamic stability of alkoxy intermediates has been demonstrated for the Cu(110) surface using a combination of experiment and theory. The results may be significant for the selectivity control of copper-based reactions of alcohols. Previous examination of this effect on Au(110) was also extended to include higher molecular weight alcohols; on Cu(110) and Au(110) the hierarchy for the strength of binding of the alkoxys was found to be the same within experimental accuracy, with alkoxy species of greater chain length being more stable. The equilibrium constants governing the competition of alcohol pairs for binding sites of the alkoxys are also similar on the two surfaces. These results reveal the generality of such vdW effects. This work expands the understanding of the role of vdW interactions on the binding efficacy of key reactive intermediates on metal surfaces, a key factor in the rational design of complex and selective catalytic processes.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b04952

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b04952

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