3 years ago

Lithium-Ion Insertion Properties of Solution-Exfoliated Germanane

Lithium-Ion Insertion Properties of Solution-Exfoliated Germanane
Bruce S. Dunn, Jeffrey J. Schwartz, Andrew C. Serino, Chris B. Kang, Paul S. Weiss, Sarah H. Tolbert, Michael T. Yeung, Richard B. Kaner, Jesse S. Ko
The high theoretical energy density of alloyed lithium and germanium (Li15Ge4), 1384 mAh/g, makes germanium a promising anode material for lithium-ion batteries. However, common alloy anode architectures suffer from long-term instability upon repetitive charge–discharge cycles that arise from stress-induced degradation upon lithiation (volume expansion >300%). Here, we explore the use of the two-dimensional nanosheet structure of germanane to mitigate stress from high volume expansion and present a facile method for producing stable single-to-multisheet dispersions of pure germanane. Purity and degree of exfoliation were assessed with scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. We measured representative germanane battery electrodes to have a reversible Li-ion capacity of 1108 mAh/g when cycled between 0.1 and 2 V vs Li/Li+. These results indicate germanane anodes are capable of near-theoretical-maximum energy storage, perform well at high cycling rates, and can maintain capacity over 100 cycles.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b02589

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b02589

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.