3 years ago

High-strength regenerated cellulose fibers spun from 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride solutions

High-strength regenerated cellulose fibers spun from 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride solutions
Keita Tominaga, Naoki Yamagishi, Yasuo Gotoh, Jiaping Zhang
High-performance regenerated cellulose fibers were prepared from cellulose/1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BMIMCl) solutions via dry-jet wet spinning. The spinnability of the solution was initially evaluated using the maximum winding speed of the solution spinning line under various ambient temperatures and relative humidities in the air gap. The subsequent spinning trials were conducted under various air gap conditions in a water coagulation bath. It was found that low temperature and low relative humidity in the air gap were important to obtain fibers with high tensile strength at a high draw ratio. From a 10 wt % cellulose/BMIMCl solution, regenerated fibers with tensile strength up to 886 MPa were prepared below 22 °C and relative humidity of 50%. High strengthening was also strongly linked with the fixation effect on fibers during washing and drying processes. Furthermore, an effective attempt to prepare higher performance fibers was conducted from a higher polymer concentration solution using a high molecular weight dissolving pulp. Eventually, fibers with a tensile strength of ∼1 GPa and Young's modulus over 35 GPa were prepared. These tensile properties were ranked at the highest level for regenerated cellulose fibers prepared by an ionic liquid–based process. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45551.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.45551

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