5 years ago

Characterization of G4–G4 Crosstalk in the c-KIT Promoter Region

Characterization of G4–G4 Crosstalk in the c-KIT Promoter Region
Claudia Sissi, Riccardo Rigo
The proximal promoter of c-KIT contains a peculiar domain that consists of three short G-rich sequences that are close together and can fold into noncanonical DNA secondary structures called G-quadruplexes (G4). Here, we focused on a sequence containing two consecutive G4 (kit2 and kit*). By electrophoretic, surface plasmon resonance, and spectroscopic techniques, we demonstrated that they retain the ability to fold into G4 upon being inserted into the extended sequence. Here, we highlighted the occurrence of crosstalk between the two forming units. This previously unexplored G4–G4 interaction modulates both the conformation and the stability of the overall arrangement of the c-KIT promoter. It is not supported by stacking of single nucleotides but refers to a G4–G4 interaction surface surrounded by a two-nucleotides loop that might represent a reliable unprecedented target for anticancer therapy.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00660

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00660

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