5 years ago

Substrate Folding Modes in Trichodiene Synthase: A Determinant of Chemo- and Stereoselectivity

Substrate Folding Modes in Trichodiene Synthase: A Determinant of Chemo- and Stereoselectivity
Hujun Xie, Jingwei Zhou, Fan Zhang, Ruibo Wu, Yong-Heng Wang
The folding mode of substrate FPP in sesquiterpene cyclases/synthases is key to the chemo- and stereoselectivity of the ultimate sesquiterpene products. However, the precise substrate folding modes in most sesquiterpene cyclases are still elusive, and it is challenging for theoretical simulations due to the high flexibility of FPP. Herein, by DFT/MM MD simulations, we obtain the optimal folding mode of FPP in the 1,6-closure trichodiene synthase and illuminate the whole catalytic mechanism for the biosynthesis of trichodiene. Furthermore, a simple and practical rule is proposed to decipher the relationship between the diverse FPP folding modes and chemical selectivity toward 1,6- and 1,10-ring closure, which are common pathways in all sesquiterpene cyclases.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b01462

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b01462

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