3 years ago

Ultrapure Green Light-Emitting Diodes Using Two-Dimensional Formamidinium Perovskites: Achieving Recommendation 2020 Color Coordinates

Ultrapure Green Light-Emitting Diodes Using Two-Dimensional Formamidinium Perovskites: Achieving Recommendation 2020 Color Coordinates
Chih-Jen Shih, Tian Tian, Young-Hoon Kim, Nikolaos Kallikounis, Christoph Wolf, Wendelin J. Stark, Jakub Jagielski, Corinne J. Hofer, Tae-Woo Lee, Florian Jenny, Sudhir Kumar, Yu-Cheng Chiu
Pure green light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are essential for realizing an ultrawide color gamut in next-generation displays, as is defined by the recommendation (Rec.) 2020 standard. However, because the human eye is more sensitive to the green spectral region, it is not yet possible to achieve an ultrapure green electroluminescence (EL) with a sufficiently narrow bandwidth that covers >95% of the Rec. 2020 standard in the CIE 1931 color space. Here, we demonstrate efficient, ultrapure green EL based on the colloidal two-dimensional (2D) formamidinium lead bromide (FAPbBr3) hybrid perovskites. Through the dielectric quantum well (DQW) engineering, the quantum-confined 2D FAPbBr3 perovskites exhibit a high exciton binding energy of 162 meV, resulting in a high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of ∼92% in the spin-coated films. Our optimized LED devices show a maximum current efficiency (ηCE) of 13.02 cd A–1 and the CIE 1931 color coordinates of (0.168, 0.773). The color gamut covers 97% and 99% of the Rec. 2020 standard in the CIE 1931 and the CIE 1976 color space, respectively, representing the “greenest” LEDs ever reported. Moreover, the device shows only a ∼10% roll-off in ηCE (11.3 cd A–1) at 1000 cd m–2. We further demonstrate large-area (3 cm2) and ultraflexible (bending radius of 2 mm) LEDs based on 2D perovskites.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01544

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01544

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