5 years ago

Deciphering the NH4PbI3 Intermediate Phase for Simultaneous Improvement on Nucleation and Crystal Growth of Perovskite

Deciphering the NH4PbI3 Intermediate Phase for Simultaneous Improvement on Nucleation and Crystal Growth of Perovskite
Yang Ou, Zheng Zhang, Qingliang Liao, Yue Zhang, Yichong Liu, Haonan Si, JingJing Meng, Zhuo Kang
The NH4PbI3-based phase transformation is realized by simply adding NH4I additive, in order to simultaneously control perovskite nucleation and crystal growth. Regarding the nucleation process, the NH4+ with small ionic radius preferentially diffuses into the [PbI6]4− octahedral layer to form NH4PbI3, which compensates the lack of CH3NH3I (MAI) precipitation. The generation of NH4PbI3 intermediate phase results in extra heterogeneous nucleation sites and reduces the defects derived from the absence of MA+. Regarding the crystal growth process, the cation exchange process between MA+ and NH4+, instead of the MAs directly entering, successfully retards the crystal growth. Such NH4PbI3 consumption process slows down the crystal growth, which effectively improves the perovskite quality with lowered defect density. The cooperation of these two effects eventually leads to the high-quality perovskite with enlarged grain size, prolonged photoluminescence lifetime, lowered defect density, and increased carrier concentration, as well as the finally enhanced photovoltaic performance. Moreover, NH3 as a byproduct further facilitates the proposed transformation process and no external residue remains even without any post-treatment. Such methodology of introducing a novel phase transformation to simultaneously control nucleation and crystal growth processes is of universal significance for further devotion in the foreseeable perovskite solar cells (PSCs) evolution. An innovative NH4I-induced phase transformation is designed to optimize the perovskite crystallization from both nucleation and crystal growth aspects. The rational designed intermediate phase NH4PbI3 simultaneously contributes to the extra heterogeneous nucleation sites and slows down crystal growth rate, which finally leads to the optimized perovskite quality and advanced photovoltaic performance with extra 10% improvement.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201701804

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.