3 years ago

Four-Terminal Perovskite/Silicon Multijunction Solar Modules

Four-Terminal Perovskite/Silicon Multijunction Solar Modules
Robert Gehlhaar, Tom Aernouts, Manoj Jaysankar, Ulrich W. Paetzold, Maarten Debucquoy, Weiming Qiu, Jef Poortmans, Maarten van Eerden
Multijunction solar cells employing perovskite and crystalline-silicon (c-Si) light absorbers bear the exciting potential to surpass the efficiency limit of market-leading single-junction c-Si solar cells. However, scaling up this technology and maintaining high efficiency over large areas are challenging as evidenced by the small-area perovskite/c-Si multijunction solar cells reported so far. In this work, a scalable four-terminal multijunction solar module design employing a 4 cm2 semitransparent methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite solar module stacked on top of an interdigitated back contact c-Si solar cell of identical area is demonstrated. With a combination of optimized transparent electrodes and efficient module design, the perovskite/c-Si multijunction solar modules exhibit power conversion efficiencies of 22.6% on 0.13 cm2 and 20.2% on 4 cm2 aperture area. Furthermore, a detailed optoelectronic loss analysis along with strategies to enhance the performance is discussed. A high-efficient large-area scalable perovskite/silicon four-terminal multijunction solar module is presented. The four-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction photovoltaic devices are scaled up from a 0.13 cm2 cell-on-cell configuration to a 4 cm2 module-on-cell configuration while maintaining high efficiency. By using efficient solar module design and optimized electrodes, the scalability of four-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction photovoltaics is demonstrated.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201602807

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