3 years ago

Quadrupolar NMR Relaxation from ab Initio Molecular Dynamics: Improved Sampling and Cluster Models versus Periodic Calculations

Quadrupolar NMR Relaxation from ab Initio Molecular Dynamics: Improved Sampling and Cluster Models versus Periodic Calculations
Jochen Autschbach, Adam Philips, Alex Marchenko, Lionel A. Truflandier
Quadrupolar NMR relaxation rates are computed for 17O and 2H nuclei of liquid water, and of 23Na+, and 35Cl in aqueous solution via Kohn–Sham (KS) density functional theory ab initio molecular dynamics (aiMD) and subsequent KS electric field gradient (EFG) calculations along the trajectories. The calculated relaxation rates are within about a factor of 2 of experimental results and improved over previous aiMD simulations. The relaxation rates are assessed with regard to the lengths of the simulations as well as configurational sampling. The latter is found to be the more limiting factor in obtaining good statistical sampling and is improved by averaging over many equivalent nuclei of a system or over several independent trajectories. Further, full periodic plane-wave basis calculations of the EFGs are compared with molecular-cluster atomic-orbital basis calculations. The two methods deliver comparable results with nonhybrid functionals. With the molecular-cluster approach, a larger variety of electronic structure methods is available. For chloride, the EFG computations benefit from using a hybrid KS functional.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jctc.7b00584

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jctc.7b00584

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