5 years ago

Purification Of The Mammalian NgBR/hCIT cis-Prenyltransferase Complex: IdentificationOf A Conserved Carboxyterminal RxG Motif Crucial For Enzymatic Activity

B., Grabinska, B. H., Park, E. J., Kraehling, K. A., J. R., Sessa, Edani
cis-Prenyltransferases (cisPTs) constitute a large family of enzymes conserved during evolution and present in all domains of life. In eukaryotes and archaea, cisPT is the first enzyme committed to the synthesis of dolichyl-phosphate (DolP). DolP is obligate lipid carrier in protein glycosylation reactions in mammalian cells. The homodimeric bacterial enzyme, undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase (UPPS) generates 11 isoprene units and has been structurally and mechanistically characterized in great detail. Recently our group discovered that unlike UPPS, mammalian cisPT is a heteromer consisting of NgBR (NUS1) and hCIT (DHDDS) subunits and this composition has been confirmed in plants and fungal cisPTs. Here, we establish the first purification system for heteromeric cisPT and show that both NgBR and hCIT subunits function in catalysis and substrate binding. Finally, we identified a critical RxG sequence in the C-terminal tail of NgBR that is conserved and essential for enzyme activity across phyla.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/139675v1

DOI: 10.1101/139675

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