3 years ago

Rational Optimization of Mechanism-Based Inhibitors through Determination of the Microscopic Rate Constants of Inactivation

Rational Optimization of Mechanism-Based Inhibitors through Determination of the Microscopic Rate Constants of Inactivation
Carter G. Eiden, John D. Lipscomb, Courtney C. Aldrich, Kimberly M. Maize, Barry C. Finzel
Mechanism-based inhibitors (MBIs) are widely employed in chemistry, biology, and medicine because of their exquisite specificity and sustained duration of inhibition. Optimization of MBIs is complicated because of time-dependent inhibition resulting from multistep inactivation mechanisms. The global kinetic parameters kinact and KI have been used to characterize MBIs, but they provide far less information than is commonly assumed, as shown by derivation and simulation of these parameters. We illustrate an alternative and more rigorous approach for MBI characterization through determination of the individual microscopic rate constants. Kinetic analysis revealed the rate-limiting step of inactivation of the PLP-dependent enzyme BioA by dihydro-(1,4)-pyridone 1. This knowledge was subsequently applied to rationally design a second-generation inhibitor scaffold with a nearly optimal maximum inactivation rate (0.48 min–1).

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b00962

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b00962

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.