3 years ago

Development of DNA Nanostructures for High-Affinity Binding to Human Serum Albumin

Development of DNA Nanostructures for High-Affinity Binding to Human Serum Albumin
Aurélie Lacroix, Thomas G. W. Edwardson, Mark A. Hancock, Hanadi F. Sleiman, Michael D. Dore
The development of nucleic acid therapeutics has been hampered by issues associated with their stability and in vivo delivery. To address these challenges, we describe a new strategy to engineer DNA structures with strong binding affinity to human serum albumin (HSA). HSA is the most abundant protein in the blood and has a long circulation half-life (19 days). It has been shown to hinder phagocytosis, is retained in tumors, and aids in cellular penetration. Indeed, HSA has already been successfully used for the delivery of small-molecule drugs and nanoparticles. We show that conjugating dendritic alkyl chains to DNA creates amphiphiles that exhibit high-affinity (Kd in low nanomolar range) binding to HSA. Notably, complexation with HSA did not hinder the activity of silencing oligonucleotides inside cells, and the degradation of DNA strands in serum was significantly slowed. We also show that, in a site-specific manner, altering the number and orientation of the amphiphilic ligand on a self-assembled DNA nanocube can modulate the affinity of the DNA cage to HSA. Moreover, the serum half-life of the amphiphile bound to the cage and the protein was shown to reach up to 22 hours, whereas unconjugated single-stranded DNA was degraded within minutes. Therefore, adding protein-specific binding domains to DNA nanostructures can be used to rationally control the interface between synthetic nanostructures and biological systems. A major challenge with nanoparticles delivery is the quick formation of a protein corona (i.e., protein adsorbed on the nanoparticle surface) upon injection to biological media. We foresee such DNA cage–protein complexes as new tools to study the role of this protein adsorption layer with important implications in the efficient delivery of RNAi therapeutics in vitro and in vivo.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b02917

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b02917

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