3 years ago

Chain-length dependent interfacial immunoreaction kinetics on self-assembled monolayers revealed by surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy

Chain-length dependent interfacial immunoreaction kinetics on self-assembled monolayers revealed by surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy
Self-assembled monolayer (SAM) has been extensively applied as ideal interface layer for construction of biosensors. Its chain length and end functional groups determine the physical and chemical properties of the modified surfaces, which will affect the performance of constructed biosensors. Herein, we studied the influence of chain length of n-alkanethiols SAMs on the immunoreaction kinetics employing attenuated total reflection surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (ATR-SEIRAS). Antibody (rabbit immunoglobulin) is assembled on carboxyl terminated SAMs \of n-alkanethiols with different chain lengths (n = 3, 6, 11, 16). The whole fabrication steps of the immunoassay can be monitored in situ by the ATR-SEIRAS. From the time-dependent SEIRA spectra, the interfacial immunoreaction kinetics between the immobilized antibody and antigen (goat anti-rabbit immunoglobulin) can be evaluated. We found that the immunoreaction became faster with increasing the chain length of SAMs. This chain length dependent kinetics might be attributed to different orientations of the assembled antibody caused by different packing densities of SAMs. The present research offers a sensing platform to evaluate immunoassay kinetics and provides fundamentals for construction of immunoassay with high performance.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0039914017308354

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