3 years ago

Identification of highly potent N-acylethanolamine acid amidase (NAAA) inhibitors: Optimization of the terminal phenyl moiety of oxazolidone derivatives

Identification of highly potent N-acylethanolamine acid amidase (NAAA) inhibitors: Optimization of the terminal phenyl moiety of oxazolidone derivatives
N-acylethanolamine acid amidase (NAAA) is a cysteine hydrolase that participates in the deactivation of fatty acid ethanolamides, such as palmitoylethanolamide (PEA). NAAA inhibition may provide a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of diseases in which higher PEA level is desired. In the present study, we reported the structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies for oxazolidone derivatives as NAAA inhibitors. A series of substituents or alkyl replacements for the terminal phenyl ring of oxazolidone derivatives were examined. The results showed that the inhibition potency of these oxazolidone derivatives towards NAAA depends on the sizes, flexibility, and lipophilicity of the terminal groups. SAR results suggested that small lipophilic 3-phenyl substituents or hydroxy-containing 4-phenyl substituents were preferable for optimal potency. Furthermore, the distal aliphatic replacement is also preferred for high inhibitory potency. Rapid dilution and kinetic analysis suggested that oxazolidone derivatives with different terminal phenyl moieties inhibited NAAA via different mechanisms. This study identified several highly potent NAAA inhibitors, including 1a (F215, IC50 = 0.009 μM), 1o (IC50 = 0.061 μM) and 2e (IC50 = 0.092 μM), and also determined structural requirements of oxazolidone derivatives for potent inhibition against NAAA.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0223523417306074

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