3 years ago

Discovery of novel 3-(hydroxyalkoxy)-2-alkylchromen-4-one analogs as interleukin-5 inhibitors

Discovery of novel 3-(hydroxyalkoxy)-2-alkylchromen-4-one analogs as interleukin-5 inhibitors
A series of novel chromen-4-one analogs 9a-d and 10a-u was designed, synthesized and evaluated for their IL-5 inhibitory activity. Most of the chromen-4-one analogs showed strong inhibitory activity in low micro molar potency. Among them, 5-(cyclohexylmethoxy)-3-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-2-isopropyl-4H-chromen-4-one (10t, 90.0% inhibition at 30 μM, IC50 = 5.5 μM, CLogP = 4.76887) and 2-cyclohexyl-5-(cyclohexylmethoxy)-3-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (10u, 95.5% inhibition at 30 μM, IC50 = 3.0 μM, CLogP = 5.96187) showed the best inhibition. The structure activity relationship reveals that the hydrophobic cyclohexylmethoxy group at the position 5 of the chromen-4-one ring A is preferable than at position 6 and the dual hydrogen bonding acceptor property on the chromen-4-one ring should be important for the inhibitory activity. In addition, the optimum length of the side chain at position 3 of chromen-4-one ring is critical for the donation of hydrogen to the binding site and the 3-hydroxypropoxy group showed the best activity. Moreover, the conformational restrictor (isopropyl, cyclohexyl group) at position 2 is much more favorable for the formation of effective conformer of side chain with hydrogen bonding donor property of these chromen-4-one analogs.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0223523417305913

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