3 years ago

Highly Sensitive Detection of Ionizing Radiations by a Photoluminescent Uranyl Organic Framework

Highly Sensitive Detection of Ionizing Radiations by a Photoluminescent Uranyl Organic Framework
Lanhua Chen, Juan Diwu, Yaxing Wang, Zhifang Chai, Wei Liu, Shuao Wang, Xuemiao Yin, Thomas E. Albrecht-Schmitt, Youming Zou, Jian Xie, Guokui Liu
Precise detection of low-dose X- and γ-radiations remains a challenge and is particularly important for studying biological effects under low-dose ionizing radiation, safety control in medical radiation treatment, survey of environmental radiation background, and monitoring cosmic radiations. We report here a photoluminescent uranium organic framework, whose photoluminescence intensity can be accurately correlated with the exposure dose of X- or γ-radiations. This allows for precise and instant detection of ionizing radiations down to the level of 10−4 Gy, representing a significant improvement on the detection limit of approximately two orders of magnitude, compared to other chemical dosimeters reported up to now. The electron paramagnetic resonance analysis suggests that with the exposure to radiations, the carbonyl double bonds break affording oxo-radicals that can be stabilized within the conjugated uranium oxalate-carboxylate sheet. This gives rise to a substantially enhanced equatorial bonding of the uranyl(VI) ions as elucidated by the single-crystal structure of the γ-ray irradiated material, and subsequently leads to a very effective photoluminescence quenching through phonon-assisted relaxation. The quenched sample can be easily recovered by heating, enabling recycled detection for multiple runs. A uranium MOF dosimeter: A photoluminescent uranium–organic framework, whose intensity accurately correlates with the exposure dose of X- or γ-radiations, enables the precise and instant detection of ionizing radiations. The detection limit of 10−4 Gy represents an improvement of approximately two orders of magnitude compared to other chemical dosimeters reported up to now.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201700919

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