3 years ago

How tightly is nuclear symmetry energy constrained by unitary Fermi gas?.

Bao-An Li, Jun Xu, William G. Newton, Bao-Jun Cai, Nai-Bo Zhang

We examine critically how tightly the density dependence of nuclear symmetry energy \esym is constrained by the universal equation of state (EOS) of the unitary Fermi gas $E_{\rm{UG}}(\rho)$ considering currently known uncertainties of higher order parameters describing the density dependence of the Equation of State of isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter. We found that $E_{\rm{UG}}(\rho)$ does provide a useful lower boundary for the \esym. However, it does not tightly constrain the correlation between the magnitude $E_{\rm{sym}}(\rho_0)$ and slope $L$ unless the curvature $K_{\rm{sym}}$ of the symmetry energy at saturation density $\rho_0$ is more precisely known. The large uncertainty in the skewness parameters affects the $E_{\rm{sym}}(\rho_0)$ versus $L$ correlation by the same almost as significantly as the uncertainty in $K_{\rm{sym}}$.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1704.02687

DOI: arXiv:1704.02687v2

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