3 years ago

Dynamically Cross-linked Elastomer Hybrids with Light-Induced Rapid and Efficient Self-Healing Ability and Reprogrammable Shape Memory Behavior

Dynamically Cross-linked Elastomer Hybrids with Light-Induced Rapid and Efficient Self-Healing Ability and Reprogrammable Shape Memory Behavior
Zixing Shi, Jing Bai
Pristine carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were activated to exhibit Diels–Alder (DA) reactivity in a polymer matrix, which was modified with monomers containing furan groups. The DA-active polymer matrix was transferred into a dynamic reversible cross-linked inorganic–organic network via a Diels–Alder reaction with CNTs, where pristine CNTs were used as dienophile chemicals and furan-modified SBS acted as the macromolecular diene. In this system, the mechanical properties as well as resilience and solvent resistance were greatly improved even with the presence of only 1 wt % CNTs. Meanwhile, the hybrids retained recyclability and exhibited some smart behaviors, including self-healing and reprogrammable shape memory properties. Furthermore, due to the photothermal effect of CNTs, a retro-Diels–Alder (rDA) reaction was activated under laser irradiation, and healing of a crack on the hybrid surface was demonstrated in approximately 10 s with almost complete recovery of the mechanical properties. Such fast and efficient self-healing performance provides a new concept in designing self-healing nanocomposites with tunable structures and mechanical properties. Furthermore, the DA and rDA reactions could be combined to reprogram the shape memory behavior under laser irradiation or thermal treatment, wherein the temporary shape of the sample could be transferred to a permanent shape via the rDA reaction at high temperature.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b06407

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b06407

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