3 years ago

Response Characteristics of Hydrogen Sensors Based on PMMA-Membrane-Coated Palladium Nanoparticle Films

Response Characteristics of Hydrogen Sensors Based on PMMA-Membrane-Coated Palladium Nanoparticle Films
Min Han, Xiuzhang Wang, Deyan Han, Yuyuan Qin, Guanghou Wang, Jun-Ming Liu, Minrui Chen, Guo-hong Wang, Peng Mao, Fengqi Song, Bo Xie, Jue Wang
Coating a polymeric membrane for gas separation is a feasible approach to fabricate gas sensors with selectivity. In this study, poly(methyl methacrylate)-(PMMA-)membrane-coated palladium (Pd) nanoparticle (NP) films were fabricated for high-performance hydrogen (H2) gas sensing by carrying out gas-phase cluster deposition and PMMA spin coating. No changes were induced by the PMMA spin coating in the electrical transport and H2-sensing mechanisms of the Pd NP films. Measurements of H2 sensing demonstrated that the devices were capable of detecting H2 gas within the concentration range 0–10% at room temperature and showed high selectivity to H2 due to the filtration effect of the PMMA membrane layer. Despite the presence of the PMMA matrix, the lower detection limit of the sensor is less than 50 ppm. A series of PMMA membrane layers with different thicknesses were spin coated onto the surface of Pd NP films for the selective filtration of H2. It was found that the device sensing kinetics were strongly affected by the thickness of the PMMA layer, with the devices with thicker PMMA membrane layers showing a slower response to H2 gas. Three mechanisms slowing down the sensing kinetics of the devices were demonstrated to be present: diffusion of H2 gas in the PMMA matrix, nucleation and growth of the β phase in the α phase matrix of Pd hydride, and stress relaxation at the interface between Pd NPs and the PMMA matrix. The retardation effect caused by these three mechanisms on the sensing kinetics relied on the phase region of Pd hydride during the sensing reaction. Two simple strategies, minimizing the thickness of the PMMA membrane layer and reducing the size of the Pd NPs, were proposed to compensate for retardation of the sensing response.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b07641

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b07641

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.