3 years ago

Indium Catalyzed Hydrofunctionalization of Styrene Derivatives Bearing a Hydroxy Group with Organosilicon Nucleophiles

Indium Catalyzed Hydrofunctionalization
of Styrene Derivatives Bearing a Hydroxy Group with Organosilicon
Nucleophiles
Yuji Kita, Makoto Yasuda, Yoshihiro Nishimoto, Tetsuji Yata
Hydrofunctionalization is one of the most important transformation reactions of alkenes. Herein, we describe the development of an indium-triiodide-catalyzed hydrofunctionalization of alkenes bearing a hydroxy group using various types of organosilicon nucleophiles. Indium triiodide was the most effective catalyst, whereas typical Lewis acids such as TiCl4, AlCl3, and BF3·OEt2 were ineffective. Many functional groups were successfully introduced, and these resulted in yields of 31–86%. Various styrene derivatives were also applicable to this reaction. Mechanistic investigation revealed that the present hydrofunctionalization proceeded through Brønsted acid-catalyzed intramolecular hydroalkoxylation of alkenes followed by InI3-catalyzed substitution reaction of cyclic ether intermediates.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.7b02739

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b02739

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