3 years ago

Temperature Gradient-Induced Instability of Perovskite via Ion Transport

Temperature
Gradient-Induced Instability of Perovskite via Ion Transport
Hong Liu, Xinwei Wang, Jeremy Dahan, Zhengping Li, Xin Wang, Wenzhong Shen, Feng Zhou
Perovskite has been known as a promising novel material for photovoltaics and other fields because of its excellent opto-electric properties and convenient fabrication. However, its stability has been a widely known haunting factor that has severely deteriorated its application in reality. In this work, it has been discovered for the first time that perovskite can become significantly chemically unstable with the existence of a temperature gradient in the system, even at temperature far below its thermal decomposition condition. A study of the detailed mechanism has revealed that the existence of a temperature gradient could induce a mass transport process of extrinsic ionic species into the perovskite layer, which enhances its decomposition process. Moreover, this instability could be effectively suppressed with a reduced temperature gradient by simple structural modification of the device. Further experiments have proved the existence of this phenomenon in different perovskites with various mainstream substrates, indicating the universality of this phenomenon in many previous studies and future research. Hopefully, this work may bring deeper understanding of its formation mechanisms and facilitate the general development of perovskite toward its real application.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b17798

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b17798

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