3 years ago

Ultrasensitive and Highly Stable Resistive Pressure Sensors with Biomaterial-Incorporated Interfacial Layers for Wearable Health-Monitoring and Human–Machine Interfaces

Ultrasensitive
and Highly Stable Resistive Pressure Sensors with Biomaterial-Incorporated
Interfacial Layers for Wearable Health-Monitoring and Human–Machine
Interfaces
Gil-Tae Yang, Seung-Woo Lee, Hochan Chang, Hyunjung Yi, Sumin Jin, Sungwoong Kim, Ki-Young Lee
Flexible piezoresistive sensors have huge potential for health monitoring, human–machine interfaces, prosthetic limbs, and intelligent robotics. A variety of nanomaterials and structural schemes have been proposed for realizing ultrasensitive flexible piezoresistive sensors. However, despite the success of recent efforts, high sensitivity within narrower pressure ranges and/or the challenging adhesion and stability issues still potentially limit their broad applications. Herein, we introduce a biomaterial-based scheme for the development of flexible pressure sensors that are ultrasensitive (resistance change by 5 orders) over a broad pressure range of 0.1–100 kPa, promptly responsive (20 ms), and yet highly stable. We show that employing biomaterial-incorporated conductive networks of single-walled carbon nanotubes as interfacial layers of contact-based resistive pressure sensors significantly enhances piezoresistive response via effective modulation of the interlayer resistance and provides stable interfaces for the pressure sensors. The developed flexible sensor is capable of real-time monitoring of wrist pulse waves under external medium pressure levels and providing pressure profiles applied by a thumb and a forefinger during object manipulation at a low voltage (1 V) and power consumption (<12 μW). This work provides a new insight into the material candidates and approaches for the development of wearable health-monitoring and human–machine interfaces.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b14048

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b14048

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