3 years ago

Silver Niobate Lead-Free Antiferroelectric Ceramics: Enhancing Energy Storage Density by B-Site Doping

Niobate Lead-Free Antiferroelectric Ceramics: Enhancing Energy Storage
Density by B-Site Doping
Shujun Zhang, Lei Zhao, Jing-Feng Li, Qing Liu, Jing Gao
Lead-free dielectric ceramics with high recoverable energy density are highly desired to sustainably meet the future energy demand. AgNbO3-based lead-free antiferroelectric ceramics with double ferroelectric hysteresis loops have been proved to be potential candidates for energy storage applications. Enhanced energy storage performance with recoverable energy density of 3.3 J/cm3 and high thermal stability with minimal energy density variation (<10%) over a temperature range of 20–120 °C have been achieved in W-modified AgNbO3 ceramics. It is revealed that the W6+ cations substitute the B-site Nb5+ and reduce the polarizability of B-site cations, leading to the enhanced antiferroelectricity, which is confirmed by the polarization hysteresis and dielectric tunability. It is believed that the polarizability of B-site cations plays a dominant role in stabilizing the antiferroelectricity in AgNbO3 system, in addition to the tolerance factor, which opens up a new design approach to achieve stable antiferroelectric materials.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b17382

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b17382

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