3 years ago

Ultrafast Ionic Liquid-Assisted Microwave Synthesis of SnO Microflowers and Their Superior Sodium-Ion Storage Performance

Ultrafast Ionic Liquid-Assisted Microwave Synthesis of SnO Microflowers and Their Superior Sodium-Ion Storage Performance
Stefano Passerini, Rinaldo Raccichini, Bingsheng Qin, R. Jürgen Behm, Ute Kaiser, Alberto Varzi, Dorin Geiger, Thomas Diemant, Huang Zhang
Tin oxide (SnO) is considered one of the most promising metal oxides for utilization as anode material in sodium ion batteries (SIBs), because of its ease of synthesis, high specific gravimetric capacity, and satisfactory cycling performance. However, to aim at practical applications, the Coulombic efficiency during cycling needs to be further improved, which requires a deeper knowledge of its working mechanism. Here, a microflower-shaped SnO material is synthesized by means of an ultrafast ionic liquid-assisted microwave method. The as-prepared SnO anode active material exhibits excellent cycling performance, good Coulombic efficiency as well as a large capacity delivered at low potential, which is fundamental to maximize the energy output of SIBs. These overall merits were never reported before for pure SnO anodes (i.e., not in a composite with, for example, graphene). Additionally, by combining ex situ XRD and XPS, it is clearly demonstrated for the first time that the Sn–Na alloy, which is formed during the initial sodium sodiation, desodiates in two successive but fully separated steps. Totally different from the previous report, the pristine SnO phase is not regenerated upon desodiation up to 3 V vs Na/Na+. The newly disclosed reaction route provides an alternative view of the complex reaction mechanism of these families of metal oxides for sodium ion batteries.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b06230

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b06230

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