3 years ago

Thin-Film Nanocomposite Membrane with the Minimum Amount of MOF by the Langmuir–Schaefer Technique for Nanofiltration

Nanocomposite Membrane with the Minimum Amount of MOF by the Langmuir–Schaefer
Technique for Nanofiltration
Ignacio Gascón, Lorena Paseta, Marta Navarro, Joaquín Coronas, Carlos Téllez, Javier Benito
An innovative procedure for positioning a monolayer of hydrophilic metal organic framework (MOF) MIL-101(Cr) (MIL, Materials of Institute Lavoisier) nanoparticles (NPs) in thin-film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes has been implemented by transferring a Langmuir–Schaefer (LS) film of the MOF in between the polyamide thin layer at the top and the cross-linked asymmetric polyimide (P84) support at the bottom. The presence and layout of the LS-MIL-101(Cr) monolayer in the TFN membrane was confirmed by scanning transmission electron microscopy imaging with a high-angle annular dark-field detector images and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy analyses. This methodology requires the smallest amount of MOF reported to date, 3.8 μg cm–2, and promotes the formation of a defect-free ultrathin MOF film. Although conventional TFN membranes tend to show MOF agglomerates that could contribute to the formation of unselective defects, LS-TFN membranes, characterized by a homogeneous and continuous MOF coating, exhibit an optimal membrane performance, without a significant decrease in selectivity. Outstanding methanol permeances, one of the best results reported to date, of 10.1 ± 0.5 L m–2 h–1 bar–1 when filtering sunset yellow and of 9.5 ± 2.1 L m–2 h–1 bar–1 when filtering rose bengal have been achieved in LS-TFN membranes with a rejection higher than 90% in all cases. Methanol permeates through the polyamide and the LS-MIL-101(Cr) monolayer, greatly enhanced by the MOF pore system, in comparison to thin-film composite and conventional TFN membranes (7.5 ± 0.7 and 7.7 ± 1.1 L m–2 h–1 bar–1 when filtering sunset yellow), respectively, in which polyamide areas free of MOF NPs are present.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b17477

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b17477

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