3 years ago

p–p Heterojunction of Nickel Oxide-Decorated Cobalt Oxide Nanorods for Enhanced Sensitivity and Selectivity toward Volatile Organic Compounds

p–p
Heterojunction of Nickel Oxide-Decorated Cobalt Oxide Nanorods for
Enhanced Sensitivity and Selectivity toward Volatile Organic Compounds
Ho Won Jang, Jang-Sik Choi, Young-Seok Shim, Young Geun Song, Woonbae Sohn, Jun Min Suh, Hyung-Gi Byun, Chong-Yun Kang, Jong-Myeong Jeon, Taemin L. Kim, Ki Chang Kwon, Kyung Soon Choi
The utilization of p–p isotype heterojunctions is an effective strategy to enhance the gas sensing properties of metal-oxide semiconductors, but most previous studies focused on p–n heterojunctions owing to their simple mechanism of formation of depletion layers. However, a proper choice of isotype semiconductors with appropriate energy bands can also contribute to the enhancement of the gas sensing performance. Herein, we report nickel oxide (NiO)-decorated cobalt oxide (Co3O4) nanorods (NRs) fabricated using the multiple-step glancing angle deposition method. The effective decoration of NiO on the entire surface of Co3O4 NRs enabled the formation of numerous p–p heterojunctions, and they exhibited a 16.78 times higher gas response to 50 ppm of C6H6 at 350 °C compared to that of bare Co3O4 NRs with the calculated detection limit of approximately 13.91 ppb. Apart from the p–p heterojunctions, increased active sites owing to the changes in the orientation of the exposed lattice surface and the catalytic effects of NiO also contributed to the enhanced gas sensing properties. The advantages of p–p heterojunctions for gas sensing applications demonstrated in this work will provide a new perspective of heterostructured metal-oxide nanostructures for sensitive and selective gas sensing.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b14545

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b14545

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