3 years ago

Improved Multiprotein Microcontact Printing on Plasma Immersion Ion Implanted Polystyrene

Multiprotein Microcontact Printing on Plasma Immersion Ion Implanted
P. Thorn, W. J. Gan, A. Kondyurin, E. Kosobrodova, M. M. M. Bilek
Multiprotein micropatterning allows the creation of complex, controlled microenvironments for single cells that can be used for the study of the localized effects of various proteins and signals on cell survival, development, and functions. To enable analysis of cell interactions with microprinted proteins, the multiprotein micropattern must have low cross-contamination and high long-term stability in a cell culture medium. To achieve this, we employed an optimized plasma ion immersion implantation (PIII) treatment to provide polystyrene (PS) with the ability to covalently immobilize proteins on contact while retaining sufficient transparency and suitable surface properties for contact printing and retention of protein activity. The quality and long-term stability of the micropatterns on untreated and PIII treated PS were compared with those on glass using confocal microscopy. The protein micropattern on the PIII treated PS was more uniform and had a significantly higher contrast that was not affected by long-term incubation in cell culture media because the proteins were covalently bonded to PIII treated PS. The immunostaining of mouse pancreatic β cells interacting with E-cadherin and fibronectin striped surfaces showed phosphorylated paxillin concentrated on cell edges over the fibronectin stripes. This indicates that multiprotein micropatterns printed on PIII treated PS can be used for high-resolution studies of local influence on cell morphology and protein production.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b15545

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b15545

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