3 years ago

Selenoprotein H controls cell cycle progression and proliferation of human colorectal cancer cells

Selenoprotein H controls cell cycle progression and proliferation of human colorectal cancer cells
Selenoprotein H (SELENOH) is supposed to be involved in redox regulation as well as in tumorigenesis. However, its role in healthy and transformed cells of the gastrointestinal tract remains elusive. We analysed SELENOH expression in cells depending on their selenium supply and differentiation status and found that SELENOH expression was increased in tumor tissue, in undifferentiated epithelial cells from mice and in colorectal cancer lines as compared to more differentiated ones. Knockdown studies in human colorectal cancer cells revealed that repression of SELENOH decreased cellular differentiation and increased proliferation and migration. In addition, SELENOH knockdown cells have a higher competence to form colonies or tumor xenografts. In parallel, they show a faster cell cycle transition. The high levels of SELENOH in tumors as well as in undifferentiated, proliferative cells together with its inhibitory effects on proliferation and G1/S phase transition suggest SELENOH as a key regulator for cell cycle progression and for prevention of uncontrolled proliferation. As SELENOH expression is highly dependent on the selenium status, effects of selenium supplementation on cancer initiation and progression appear to involve SELENOH.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0891584918300200

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.