3 years ago

Self-Organized Superlattice and Phase Coexistence inside Thin Film Organometal Halide Perovskite

Self-Organized Superlattice and Phase Coexistence inside Thin Film Organometal Halide Perovskite
Katsuji Ito, Kohei Kimura, Manabu Shirai, Satoshi Uchida, Tomonori Matsushita, Hiroshi Segawa, Hiroaki Matsumoto, Tae Woong Kim, Takashi Kondo, Ryota Jono, Daiki Matsubara, Ludmila Cojocaru
Organometal halide perovskites have attracted widespread attention as the most favorable prospective material for photovoltaic technology because of their high photoinduced charge separation and carrier transport performance. However, the microstructural aspects within the organometal halide perovskite are still unknown, even though it belongs to a crystal system. Here direct observation of the microstructure of the thin film organometal halide perovskite using transmission electron microscopy is reported. Unlike previous reports claiming each phase of the organometal halide perovskite solely exists at a given temperature range, it is identified that the tetragonal and cubic phases coexist at room temperature, and it is confirmed that superlattices composed of a mixture of tetragonal and cubic phases are self-organized without a compositional change. The organometal halide perovskite self-adjusts the configuration of phases and automatically organizes a buffer layer at boundaries by introducing a superlattice. This report shows the fundamental crystallographic information for the organometal halide perovskite and demonstrates new possibilities as promising materials for various applications. Coexistence of cubic and tetragonal phases at room temperature and the existence of self-assembled superlattices are confirmed in organometal halide perovskite with transmission electron microscopy. The superlattices are composed of a mixture of tetragonal and cubic phases without compositional change. Based on the phase coexistence and the superlattices, the organometal halide perovskite self-adjusts its microstructural configuration.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201705230

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