3 years ago

Tuning Pd–Au Bimetallic Catalysts for Heterogeneous Parahydrogen-Induced Polarization

Tuning Pd–Au Bimetallic Catalysts for Heterogeneous
Parahydrogen-Induced Polarization
Feng Deng, Xue Zhou, Qiang Wang, Weiyu Wang, Han Hu, Chao Wang, Xingling Zhao, Guodong Qi, Jun Xu
The heterogeneous hydrogenation of propene over supported Pd–Au bimetallic nanoparticles was investigated using NMR and the parahydrogen-induced polarization (PHIP) technique. The composition and structure of Pd–Au/TiO2 catalysts were correlated to both catalytic activity and pairwise hydrogen addition. Sol-immobilization, impregnation, and deposition–precipitation methods were used for preparation of the Pd–Au bimetallic catalysts. A strong signal enhancement was observed on the bimetallic catalyst prepared through the sol-immobilization method, up to 24-fold higher than that with the other two methods. The polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) stabilizer bound to the metal surface was responsible for the enhanced PHIP effect. The removal of the PVA ligands by water washing and calcination treatments shows a significant effect on the hydrogen pairwise addition. Increasing the Au content in the bimetallic alloy led to a promotion of the pairwise selectivity due to the ensemble effect. The pairwise selectivity could be tuned by the morphologies of Pd–Au structures; the Au-shell/Pd-core morphology produced a higher pairwise selectivity than that of the Pd-shell/Au-core structure, while the random PdAu alloy showed the best PHIP effect.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11801

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11801

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