3 years ago

A Self-Assembled Trigonal Prismatic Molecular Vessel for Catalytic Dehydration Reactions in Water

A Self-Assembled Trigonal Prismatic Molecular Vessel for Catalytic Dehydration Reactions in Water
Prodip Howlader, Paramita Das, Partha Sarathi Mukherjee, Atul Kumar
A water-soluble Pd6 trigonal prism (A) was synthesized by two-component coordination-driven self-assembly of a PdII 90° acceptor with a tetraimidazole donor. The walls of the prism are constructed by three conjugated aromatic building blocks, which means that the confined pocket of the prism is hydrophobic. In addition to the hydrophobic cavity, large product egress windows make A an ideal molecular vessel to catalyze otherwise challenging pseudo-multicomponent dehydration reactions in its confined nanospace in aqueous medium. This study is an attempt at selective generation of the intermediate tetraketones and xanthenes by fine-tuning the reaction conditions employing a supramolecular molecular vessel. Moreover, either poor or no yield of the dehydrated products in the absence of A under similar reaction conditions supports the ability of the confined space of the barrel to promote such reactions in water. Furthermore, we focused on the rigidification of the tetraphenylethylene-based tetraimidazole unit anchored within the PdII coordination architecture; enabling counter-anion dependent aggregation induced emission in the presence of water. Dehydration in water: A water-soluble trigonal prism was synthesized (see figure). The hydrophobic cavity of the prism was employed for selective formation of intermediate tetraketones and xanthenes by fine-tuning the reaction conditions in aqueous media.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201702263

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