4 years ago

Fluoro-Carba-Sugars are Glycomimetic Activators of the glmS Ribozyme

Fluoro-Carba-Sugars are Glycomimetic Activators of the glmS Ribozyme
Anna Schüller, Valentin Wittmann, Daniel Matzner, Günter Mayer, Torben Seitz
The glmS ribozyme is a bacterial gene-regulating riboswitch that controls cell wall synthesis, depending on glucosamine-6-phosphate as a cofactor. Due to the presence of this ribozyme in several human pathogen bacteria (e.g., MRSA, VRSA), the glmS ribozyme represents an attractive target for the development of artificial cofactors. The substitution of the ring oxygen in carbohydrates by functionalized methylene groups leads to a new generation of glycomimetics that exploits distinct interaction possibilities with their target structure in biological systems. Herein, we describe the synthesis of mono-fluoro-modified carba variants of α-d-glucosamine and β-l-idosamine. (5aR)-Fluoro-carba-α-d-glucosamine-6-phosphate is a synthetic mimic of the natural ligand of the glmS ribozyme and is capable of effectively addressing its unique self-cleavage mechanism. However, in contrast to what was expected, the activity is significantly decreased compared to its non-fluorinated analog. By combining self-cleavage assays with the Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus glmS ribozyme and molecular docking studies, we provide a structure–activity relationship for fluorinated carba-sugars. Fluorinated sugar mimics: Mono-fluorinated carba-sugar analogs of glucoseamine-6-phosphate and idosamine-6-phosphate were synthesized. Fluoro-carba-glucosamine-6-phosphate acts as an activator of the unique self-cleavage mechanism of the glmS ribozyme.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201702371

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