3 years ago

Carbon nanotube nanofluid in enhancing the efficiency of evacuated tube solar collector

Carbon nanotube nanofluid in enhancing the efficiency of evacuated tube solar collector
The use of solar thermal collectors is one of the promising options for heating and/or cooling due to the green nature (pollution free) and abundance of the solar energy in many parts of the world. Improvement of thermal performance of solar collectors is important for better energy conversion. In this regard, many studies reported in literature tried to modify geometry of the collectors. On the other hand, nanofluids as heat transfer fluids could be a promising option for the efficiency enhancement of solar collectors. In this study, heating performance of an evacuated tube solar collector system initially operated with water is considered for improvement using nanofluid. The collector (about 20 kW heating capacity) is a part of an absorption cooling system. The aim of the present study is to analyze the effect of Single Walled Carbon Nanotube–water nanofluid on the collector performance. Thermal efficiency improvement is assessed based on comparative analyses between collector working with ordinary water and that with nanofluid. The results indicate that up to 56.7% and 66% of efficiencies are observed when the collector is operated with water and 0.2 vol% nanofluid, respectively. Therefore, nanofluids are promising to enhance the efficiencies of solar collectors.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960148118300077

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