The Superiority of Sucrose Cushion Centrifugation to Ultrafiltration and PEGylation in Generating High-Titer Lentivirus Particles and Transducing Stem Cells with Enhanced Efficiency
Viral gene delivery is hailed as a great milestone in gene-based therapeutic approaches. The human immunodeficiency virus-derived lentiviral vectors (LVs) are advantageous in infecting both dividing and non-dividing cells leading to continuous expression of transgenes. A variety of protocols are available for concentration of LVs. We primarily generated our internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-based LVs. Virus titration and transduction efficiency were compared between various strategies that included sucrose cushion centrifugation (SCC), protein column ultrafiltration and polyethylene glycol precipitation. Among these approaches, SCC resulted in concentration of high-titer EGFP-expressing lentivirus (1.4 ± 0.3 × 109 TU/ml) with the lowest protein impurities. Further, we examined transduction strengths of our three methods on two challenging stem cells. Both human NT2 and mouse bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells demonstrated high transduction using SCC of 65 ± 2.8 and 49 ± 0.8%, respectively. Finally, lentivirus particles harboring IRES-based transfer vectors of specific genes, concentrated by SCC, integrated into host genome. Taken together, development of cost-effective and efficient concentration strategies such as our SCC method is yet highly demanded to broaden the horizons of lentivirus application in clinical and translational research.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12033-017-0044-5
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