3 years ago

Electrochemical determination of dopamine using a glassy carbon electrode modified with a nanocomposite consisting of nanoporous platinum-yttrium and graphene

Rongjing Cui, Chun Zhai, Zhida Han, Ying Quan, Dandan Chen, Chunhuan Tian, Genhua Zhang, Zihan Li, Xiangyi Li


A nanoporous platinum-yttrium alloy (NP-PtY) was fabricated by dealloying ribbons of a PtYAl alloy. Owing to the high porosity and the synergistic effect of Y in the Pt backbone, the NP-PtY exhibits superior structural stability, reproducibility and electrocatalytic activity. An electrochemical sensor was developed for the highly sensitive and selective detection of dopamine (DA) based on the use of a glassy carbon electrode modified with NP-PtY alloy and graphene. The sensor, best operated at 0.16 V vs. SCE, has a linear range covering the 0.9 to 82 μM concentration range, a 0.36 μM detection limit (at S/N = 3), and good selectivity over tyramine, tryptamine, phenethylamine, uric acid, and ascorbic acid. It gave satisfactory results in the determination of DA in spiked samples of urine.

Graphical abstract

Nanoporous platinum-yttrium alloy (NP-PtY) was fabricated by means of a one-step dealloying process. A glassy carbon electrode modified with the NP-PtY and graphene nanocomposite exhibits a wide linear range and a low detection limit towards dopamine. The sensor has remarkable reproducibility, stability and selectivity.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00604-017-2624-2

DOI: 10.1007/s00604-017-2624-2

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.