3 years ago

Conformational Flexibility and Self-Association of Fibrinogen in Concentrated Solutions

Conformational Flexibility and Self-Association of Fibrinogen in Concentrated Solutions
Alexander E. Sitnitsky, Valeri Barsegov, Artem Zhmurov, John W. Weisel, Dennis K. Galanakis, Dilyafruz R. Bakirova, Bulat Z. Idiyatullin, Rustem I. Litvinov, Yuriy F. Zuev
We studied the hydrodynamic behavior of fibrinogen, a blood plasma protein involved in blood clotting, in a broad 0.3–60 mg/mL range of concentration and 5–42 °C temperature using pulsed-field gradient 1H NMR-diffusometry. Arrhenius plots revealed the activation energy for fibrinogen diffusion Ed = 21.3 kJ/mol at 1.4 mg/mL and 28.4 kJ/mol at 38 mg/mL. We found a dramatic slowdown in fibrinogen self-diffusion with concentration beginning at 1.7–3.4 mg/mL, which deviated from the standard hard-particle behavior, suggesting a remarkable intermolecular entanglement. This concentration dependence was observed regardless of the absence or presence of the GPRP peptide (inhibitor of fibrin polymerization), and also in samples free of fibrin oligomers. By contrast, diffusivity of fibrinogen variant I-9 with truncated C-terminal portions of the Aα chains was much less concentration-dependent, indicating the importance of intermolecular linkages formed by the αC regions. Theoretical models combined with all-atom molecular dynamics simulations revealed partially bent fibrinogen solution conformations that interpolate between a flexible chain and a rigid rod observed in the crystal. The results obtained illuminate the important role of the αC regions in modulating the fibrinogen molecular shape through formation of weak intermolecular linkages that control the bulk properties of fibrinogen solutions.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05654

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05654

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.