3 years ago

Graphene–Solvent Interactions in Nonaqueous Dispersions: 2D ROESY NMR Measurements and Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Graphene–Solvent Interactions in Nonaqueous
Dispersions: 2D ROESY NMR Measurements and Molecular Dynamics Simulations
Sukumaran Vasudevan, Vaishali Arunachalam
The liquid phase exfoliation of graphite by sonication in nonaqueous solvents like N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) provides a simple and scalable route to dispersions of defect-free graphene sheets. The role of the solvent is crucial to the process; it is the interactions of the solvent with the graphene sheets that prevent agglomeration and stabilize the dispersion. Here, we show that the two-dimensional solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique, rotating frame Overhauser effect spectroscopy (ROESY), provides a molecular signature of these interactions in graphene–NMP dispersions. Significant differences are observed in the spectra of the dispersions as compared to the pure solvent. Using classical molecular dynamics simulations, we show that these differences arise because of the induced layering of solvent molecules with reduced rotational mobility in the vicinity of the graphene sheets. The reduced mobility of solvent molecules in the dispersion as compared to the bulk solvent are reflected as differences in their two-dimensional ROESY NMR.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11138

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11138

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